The Memorial Museum of Space Exploration is situated inside an enormous monument to the explorers of space. It is a giant curved titanium obelisk topped by a rocket, soaring to a height of 100 meters. The museum was opened in 1981 to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the first manned space flight, completed by Yuri Gagarin.
|Memorial Museum of Space Exploration|
The various displays trace the history of space exploration: the first satellite – Sputnik - launched in 1957; the first dogs in space; the first human flights; and the first spacewalk. Other original exhibits include the spacesuit of Alexei Leonov, in which he walked in space; space dogs Belka and Strelka (preserved by taxidermy); a Soyuz spacecraft descent module; the outfit and ejection seat of pilot Igor Volkov; a 'flying chair' designed for cosmonauts moving in outer space; and the military uniform and leather coat of Sergey Korolev.
During the tour you'll be able to see the interior of the core module of the Mir space station and peep into a Soyuz spacecraft. It's weird to discover how small the living rooms in a spacecraft are, and how zero-gravity influences life in outer space. Many pictures, models and interactive exhibits tell you the story of the exploration of the Moon, Venus and Mars.
Before its renovation, the museum focused almost exclusively on the Soviet space program with major themes like Gagarin and Sergey Korolyov, and Sputnik and Soyuz. After recent reconstruction it has added new sections dedicated to space programs worldwide, including the USA, Europe, China and the ISS. The museum now features several video presentations and original interactive exhibits. According to the Russian tourist board, the museum's collection holds approximately 85,000 different items.
If you're interested in space and cosmonauts, we'd highly recommend a visit to the Space museum during your Moscow tour.
Space dogs Belka and Strelka
Descent capsule of Vostok spasecraft