Birch bark crafts
Birch bark is called sometimes a Russian papyrus. In ancient Russia birch bark was used as paper. Thanks to rare qualities of this material we have unique examples of Old Russian literature. Lots of birch bark documents were found during excavations of ancient Novgorod. People wrote with a special stick made of bone. We now have proof that the majority of the population in Novgorod in the 13th-14th century including peasants were literate and exchanged birch bark letters.
Birchbark crafts were popular all over Russia, major carving centers included Veliky Ustyug, Semenov, Archangel Region, Tomsk Region, and Yakutia.
During your tour of Moscow you can get numerous boxes, jewelry, baskets made of birch bark. Your Moscow guide can also talk to you about the history of Novgorod archeological excavations and first letters made of birch bark.