But you can also learn the alphabet – that will be extremely helpful when you get around Moscow or any other Russian city. Most of the signs are written in Cyrillic alphabet, but if you know at least some of the letters you can often work out what it means.
We can divide the alphabet into three groups to make it easier to learn
The Russian word "КАКАО" is very easy to read. It sounds /kɑːkɑːo:/ and it means
cocoa or hot chocolate drink
|Р р||/r/||as Scots speak radio|
|Х х||/kh/||Scottish loch|
Can you guess the meaning of this word? It is not 'pectopah' as you might guess but a Russian word for a restaurant. It sounds /rjesto:ra:n/.
There're many words that sound very similar to English, you only need to remember how 'the false friends' sound.
"The letters which look different"
|Щ щ||/shch/||as in Ckhrushchev (Soviet leader)|
|Ы ы||/i /||ill|
Can you guess the meaning of these words? In fact, they sound very similar to English, so you just need to learn the alphabet. Just in case the words are 'toilet', 'McDonald's', 'stop', and 'master bank'.
The Russian language has a lot of borrowings and you will easily recognize many of the words of English origin.
What languages are spoken in Russia
After the Russian, the most common languages in Russia are:
English words of Russian originWhat English words originated from Russian? Below you may find some of the most well-known Russian words
village life: babushka (granny), matryoshka (Russian nested dolls), banya (Russian sauna), troika ( a sleigh drawn by three horses), samovar (a tea urn which is used to boil the water), balalaika (a musical instrument with three strings)
Soviet history: bolshevik (political party, comes from the word 'majority'), gulag (Soviet system of labor camps and prisons) perestroika (Gorbachev's reforms), glasnost (Gorbachev policy of transparency), Soviet (originally comes from the Russian for "council"), kolhoz (Soviet collective farm)
nature: sable (is a species of marten), taiga (the swampy coniferous forest common in Siberia), mammoth, beluga
space: cosmonaut (Soviet astronaut), sputnik
food: blini, vodka, pelmeni, and names of other popular Russian dishes
Useful everyday vocabulary
|Good bye||До свидания||Do svidanija|
|Пожалуйста*(this word has double meaning)||Pozhaluista|
|I don't understand||Я не понимаю||Ja nye panimaju|
|How are you?||Как дела?||Kak dela?|
|How much does it cost?||Сколько стоит?||Skolko stoit?|
You can practice these phrases during your Moscow tour. Even if you try using a few Russian words it'll make the locals very pleased!