Over a long history of Moscow, our capital city has earned a few epithets.
It is probably obvious why Moscow is often called the First Throne. Moscow was the first city which became the center of all united Russian lands and later the capital of all Russia. White-stone nickname was given to highlight the architectural image of medieval Moscow built of white stone including the Kremlin wall of the XIV century.
Why is it often referred as The Third Rome? The term describes the idea that Moscow is the successor to the legacy of the Roman Empire (the "first Rome") and its successor state, the Byzantine Empire (the "second Rome").
Another completely mysterious epithet attached to Moscow is the Forty Forties. In the 17th century, the German scientist and traveller Adam Olearius wrote: "In the Kremlin, the head of churches are covered with smooth gilded tin, which in the light of the sun, shines brightly and give the city a magnificent look." One hundred years later French ambassador, Count Louis Philippe de Segur wrote about Moscow: "The view of Moscow, such a wide city, with its thousands of golden domed churches, the diversity of sounds of its bells, with the mixture of its houses, rich merchants' houses, magnificent palaces." No wonder why by the beginning of the XX century Moscow numbered up to the Forty Forties churches.
Our Moscow tour guide will be glad to share some more curious facts about the capital while you are on a Moscow tour.
Moscow Curious Facts
Today Moscow is the biggest city in Europe. The population of Moscow is 10,5 million people.
Moscow was founded in 1147. It is one of the oldest cities in Russia.
What does Moscow mean?
What does Moscow mean? This name is much older than the city itself.
Moscow is a very green city. More than 40 percent of its territory consists of parks, gardens and forests.
Moscow metro is the most frequently used public transport in Moscow both for Muscovites and tourists.
The deepest station of the Moscow metro is "Park Pobedy", 84 meters, the height of a 28 storey building
While navigating Moscow metro you can always determine the direction of the train by the gender of the announcer.
Summer 2010 beat all temperature records
Summer 2010 will be remembered by Muscovites and Moscow guests with abnormal high temperatures.
Moscow fountain with drinking water
There are more than 700 fountains in Moscow, but there is only one with drinking water.
The coldest temperature ever recorded in Moscow was −42В°C. It happened in January 1940.
The oldest building in Moscow
What is the oldest building on the territory of Moscow?
Illumination in Moscow
Do you know when Moscow streets became illuminated?
What unusual monuments can Moscow boast of?
Have you heard of such monuments as "Give way to the ducklings",a crow and a fox with melted cheese "Friendship" or Children are the victims of adults' vices?
How many churches Moscow has?
Unusual Moscow trains
Moscow metro is famous not only for its exquisite design and interior but also for its unique trains.
Would you agree to stay in line for 6 hours to get to McDonalds? This is what many Muscovites did in 1990.
Why do the Russians celebrate Christmas on January the 7th?
Monument to Saints Cyril and Methodius
What monument in Moscow has 5 spelling mistakes in the inscription?
Organ evenings in Kuskovo
"Organ evenings in Kuskovo" is a series of concerts that is held on weekends in one of the most beautiful old estates in Moscow
Smoking in Russia
Do you know when smoking was officially banned in Russia?
The rule of the leaders succession
Who will be the next president of Russia?
The biggest bell in the world
Where is the biggest bell in the world?
A very old political prisoner aged 300 lives in Moscow Kremlin. Who could it be?
Tallest buildings of Europe
Where are the tallest buildings of Europe?
The oldest house in Moscow
What is the age of the oldest house of Moscow?
7 curious facts and legends about 7 sisters.
What facts and legends have you heard about Stalin Sisters?
What does a number of cupolas on a church signify?
Have you ever questioned yourself, why some churches have 3 domes while other вЂ“ five or even more?
The Russian Orthodox cross
What is the symbolism of the Russian Orthodox cross?
Shape and color of Russian domes.
Shape and color of Russian domes. What do they stand for?
Ded Moroz and Santa Claus
What is the difference between Ded Moroz and Santa Claus?
Be careful, the house is moving!
Have you ever seen a house moving? Can you imagine a multi-storey building with tenants being moved tens of meters away?
Moscow upside down house
Have you been in a house where everything is turned upside down?